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Surgical Contraceptives

[ Tubal Sterilization (Female) | Vasectomy (Male) ]

Vasectomy (Male)

 
Effectiveness (Theoretical)
99+%
Effectiveness (Real World)
99+%
Popularity
Approximately 500,000 procedures performed annually

Male sterilization is known as a vasectomy. A vasectomy requires a surgical procedure that closes the small tubes through which sperm are released.

When sperm mature, they leave the testes through small tubes called the vas deferens or vas. With a vasectomy, the vas are clamped, cut and sealed to prevent the release of sperm. Fertilization of an egg cannot occur without sperm.

During the male's surgery, the doctor makes one or two very small incisions in the scrotum, while the patient is under local anesthesia. A small section of each tube is removed and the two ends are sealed. Pregnancy cannot occur because there is no sperm being released to fertilize the egg.

This method is considered a permanent and irreversible method of birth control. Although this method is considered to be low risk for complications, surgical problems such as bleeding, infection and reaction to the anesthesia may occur. Doctors may not perform this surgery if the general health of the individuals does not permit this procedure. A man who has just had a vasectomy must continue to use another form of birth control until he has returned to the doctor for a final sperm count. Surgical methods do not protect against sexually-transmitted diseases.

No additional hormones are introduced into the body, no pills need to be taken daily, and nothing needs to be inserted before intercourse. This surgery does not remove any organs, and the body still produces hormones.

These are considered permanent, irreversible methods of birth control. Although these methods are considered to be low risk for complications, surgical problems such as bleeding, infection and reaction to the anesthesia may occur. Doctors may not perform these surgeries if the general health of the individuals does not permit these procedures.

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